Between 1881 and 1943, four dams were built on the Santa Fe River: Stone Dam and Two-Mile within the area considered in this report for restoration, and Nichols and McClure upstream.

The first, Stone Dam, impounded 25 acre-feet. It filled with sediment in a single storm in 1904, and never again stored water. Two-Mile Dam (named for its distance from the plaza) was constructed in 1893 and stored 387 acre-feet. It was decommissioned and breached in 1994 due to safety concerns.

 Drawing of the Old Stone Dam from” Illustrated New Mexico,” by the Territorial Bureau of Immigration, 1893.

Drawing of the Old Stone Dam from” Illustrated New Mexico,” by the Territorial Bureau of Immigration, 1893.